For 10 years, the Onrust Project, a nonprofit organization, has worked to build an authentic replica of the 17th-century research vessel. Launched in 2006, the Onrust was built to the original specifications using many of the same techniques and material types, including over 4,000 hand-crafted wooden nails.
During the golden age of Dutch shipbuilding in the 17th century, the country utilized a number of technological advances that allowed it to create and use materials less expensively and more quickly than other countries. Chief among its advantages was the wind-powered saw mill, which was able to efficiently convert timber into lumber planks. As a result of the industrialization of ship construction, Dutch shipbuilders were able to refine their design thanks to more regular, standardized planks. Their shipbuilding techniques were so efficient, warships for Denmark, France, and Sweden were all built in the Netherlands.